Strawberry Glaze Doughnuts

WIN_20140807_153134Sugar

Cinnamon

Tube of refrigerated biscuits

Butter

Strawberry jam

  1. Preheat oven to 375°
  2. Melt 1/4 cup of butter.
  3. Separate biscuits
  4. Combine 1/2 cup of sugar and 1/2 tsp of cinnamon in a small bowl. Dip top and sides of biscuits in butter and then cinnamon-sugar. Place on ungreased baking sheet. With the end of a wooden spoon handle, make a deep and wide indentation in the centre of each biscuit and fill with 1 tsp of strawberry jam.
  5. Bake for 15-18 minutes. Cool for 15 minutes before serving. Jam will be very hot!
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If You Go Down to the Woods Today Teddy Bear Biscuits

Tube photo 1 (2)of refrigerated buttermilk biscuits (This cuts time and cost, but if you would rather make the biscuits from scratch, see video below. Note that the tube only makes 3 biscuits while the recipe I provide in the video makes about 12.)

Egg

Sugar

Cinnamon

Mini semisweet chocolate chips

photo 3 (2)Preheat oven to 425°.
Make the biscuit batter, or separate the biscuits from the tube.

photo 5For eachphoto 4 (1) bear, shape one biscuit into an oval for the body and placed on a greased (or foil-lined) baking sheet. Cut one biscuit into 4 pieces and shape into balls for arms and legs. Place next to body. Cut one biscuit into 2 small pieces and one large piece. Shape into head and ears and place above body. If using the tubed biscuits, you’ll have one lone biscuit left over. I just bake it with the bears.

photo 1 (3)photo 2 (2)

photo 4 (2)Beat egg in a small bowl.

Brush egg over biscuits. Combine 2 Tbsp of sugar and 1/4 tsp of cinnamon. Sprinkle over bears. Bake for 8-10 minutes. Place chocolate chips while biscuits are still warm. I like doing two for eyes, one for nose, one in each ear and on each paw, and 3-5 for buttons, ties, or bowties, but have fun and do whatever you want.
photo 5 (1)

 

No-Fuss Crust Pizza (Dinner for Two Week 10)

Breakfast: Mocha, Doughnut and Raspberries

Lunch: Chicken salad or sandwich or croissant, Pomegranate, Apple snack

Dinner: Pizza, Avocado or Broccoflower, Pineapple cooler

Dessert: Cake

Apple Snack                               Low Cal!

Peel, core, and slice 4 Golden Delicious apples into rounds. Arrange apples in two rows in an ungreased glass baking dish. Pour 1/2 cup of apple juice over apples. Sprinkle with 1/4 tsp of cinnamon and 1 Tbsp of grated lemon peel. Cover and microwave for 7 minutes, turning after 3 1/2 minutes.

Garbanzo Bean Chocolate Cake                                Gluten-Free!

INGREDIENTS

  • 1 1/2 cups of semisweet chocolate chips
  • 1 can of garbanzo beans (19 oz)
  • 4 eggs
  • 3/4 cup of white sugar
  • 1/2 tsp of baking powder
  • 1 Tbsp of confectioners sugar for dusting

DIRECTIONS

  1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Grease a 9-inch round cake pan.
  2. Place the chocolate chips in a glass bowl. Cook in the microwave for about 2 minutes, stirring every 20 seconds after the first minute.
  3. Drain the can of garbanzo beans. Combine beans and eggs in the bowl of a food processor. Process until smooth. Add the sugar and the baking powder, and pulse to blend. Pour in the melted chocolate and blend until smooth, scraping down the corner to make sure chocolate is completely mixed. Transfer the batter to the prepared cake pan.
  4. Bake for 40 minutes. Cool in the pan on a wire rack for 10-15 minutes before inverting onto a serving platter. Dust with confectioners’ sugar just before serving.

 

Apple Cider Doughnuts                              Vegan variation in brackets

INGREDIENTS
  • butter, oil, or non-stick spray
  • ¾ cup all-purpose flour (spelt flour works too)
  • ¼ cup and 2 Tbsp sugar (raw sugar works great too)
  • ½ tsp baking powder
  • ¼ tsp baking soda
  • 1 tsp cinnamon
  • ¼ tsp salt
  • ¼ cup apple cider
  • 1 egg (flaxseed egg can be substituted for vegans)
  • 2 Tbsp milk (or sub vegan milk substitute)
  • 1 Tbsp canola oil
  • ¼ tsp vanilla
  • ¼ tsp white vinegar (can be omitted for a denser, more cake-like doughnut. I prefer the fluffier version though)

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. Preheat oven to 375 degrees. Rub a doughnut pan with butter (or brush with oil or use non-stick spray).
  2. Add flour, ¼ cup sugar, baking powder, baking soda, ½ teaspoon cinnamon, and salt in a bowl. Whisk to combine.
  3. Whisk together apple cider and egg in another bowl. Add milk, canola oil, vanilla extract, and white vinegar and whisk to combine.
  4. Pour wet ingredients into dry ingredients and gently mix until just combined (don’t overmix!).
  5. Evenly distribute in doughnut pan. Bake for 8-10 minutes.
  6. Whisk together 2 tablespoons sugar and ½ teaspoon cinnamon in a small bowl. When doughnuts are safe to touch, but while they’re still warm, dip each side into the cinnamon-sugar mixture, pressing and twisting to get good coverage. Serve and enjoy!

 

Chicken Salad                               Two variations in one recipe

Cook and shred 8 chicken breasts. Hard boil 2 eggs. Peel and mash the eggs with a fork in a bowl. Add the shredded chicken, 1 1/2 cups of mayonnaise, and 2 Tbsp of sweet pickle relish.  Salt and pepper. Cover and refrigerate until serving.

Salad: Place 1 cup of chicken salad on top of a bed of lettuce. Sprinkle with 2 Tbsp of chopped pecans.

Sandwich: Place 1 cup of chicken salad on a slice of bread and top with another slice. Salt and pepper. Sprinkle with 2 Tbsp of chopped pecans.

Croissants: Spice things up by making a sandwich out of a croissant and 1 cup of chicken salad.

No-Fuss Crust Pizza                            

Recipe yields one pizza, but shopping list included enough ingredients for two. Feel free to experiment with toppings!

Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Cook 1 lb of ground beef over medium heat in a skillet. Drain. Stir in 1 can of pizza sauce. Dismantle 2 tubes of buttermilk biscuits. Quarter the biscuits. Place in a greased baking dish.

Bake, uncovered, for 20-25 minutes. Chop and diced a tomato and a green pepper, slice 3 mushrooms, and drain a can of black olives. Sprinkle vegetables on top of pan along with 1 1/2 cups of shredded mozzarella cheese and 1 cup of cheddar cheese. Bake 5-10 minutes longer. Let stand for 5-10 minutes before serving.

Pineapple Cooler

Combine 1 cup of unsweetened pineapple juice, 2 Tbsp of lemon juice, and 1 can of lemon-lime soda in a pitcher. Stir well. Serve over ice.

Morning Mocha

Brew 1 cup of coffee. Combine the coffee, 2 Tbsp of half-and-half cream, 1 Tbsp of chocolate syrup, and 1 tsp of sugar in a pot. Cook and stir over medium heat until sugar is dissolved and mixture is heated through. Ladle into a large mug. Stir with a cinnamon stick. Give it a quick taste and add 1/8 – 1/4 tsp more sugar if you like it sweeter. Top with whipped cream.

SHOPPING LIST:

Mozzarella cheese (12 oz)

Cheddar cheese (8 oz)

Whipped cream in a can

Eggs

4 tubes of refrigerated buttermilk biscuits (12 oz each)

Bread

Croissants

Lettuce or mixed greens

Green pepper

3 mushrooms

Tomato

3 avocados

Broccoflower

14 pomegranates

4 Golden Delicious apples

Raspberries

Lemon

3 lbs ground beef

12 boneless, skinless chicken breast halves

Pineapple juice

2 cans of pizza sauce (15 oz each)

Can of black olives

Can of garbanzo beans (19 oz)

Cinnamon sticks

Chocolate syrup

12 oz can of lemon-lime soda (Sprite or 7Up)

Apple cider

Apple juice

Lemon juice

Icing sugar

[Also needed: sugar, coffee, half-and-half cream, mayonnaise, sweet pickle relish, pecans, baking powder, cinnamon]

Chuck Wagon Dinners (Dinner for Two Week 4)

Breakfast: Smoothie

Lunch: Burger or Chili Baked Potato, Cheese Wedges, bananas or strawberries

Dinner: Chicken Cordon Bleu or Cube Steak; rice or baked potato; mixed vegetables

Chuck Wagon Burgers

Preheat oven to 375 degrees. Combine 2 lbs of ground beef, an envelope of onion soup mix, and 1/2 cup of water in a bowl. Mix well. Shape into 8 3/4 inch patties. Grill, uncovered, or broil 4 inches from the heat for 5-6 minutes on each side.

Meanwhile, take apart a tube of large refrigerated biscuits on an ungreased baking sheet. Sprinkle with an 1/8 tsp of seasoning salt. Bake for 12-14 minutes. Split. Top each biscuit with a hamburger.

5-Can Chili Topping

Combine a can of chili with beans, a drained can of mixed vegetables, a drained can of whole kernel corn, a can of diced tomatoes, and a can of green chilies in a pot. Heat through.

Baked Potatoes (4 Methods – Pick the one that works best for your schedule!)

Rub potatoes with olive oil, sprinkle with salt and pepper, and prick them with the tines of a fork.

  1. The original method for (crispy skins): Preheat oven to 425 degrees. Lay potatoes directly on the rack or place on a baking sheet. Bake for 45-60 minutes.
  2. The traditional method (soft skins): Preheat oven to 435 degrees. Wrap potatoes in tin foil. Lay potatoes directly on the rack or place on a baking sheet. Bake for 45-60 minutes.
  3. The quickest method (soft skins): Place potatoes in a glass dish and microwave for 5 minutes. Turn over and microwave another 3-5 minutes.
  4. The working-girl method (soft skins): Wrap potatoes in tin foil and place in slow cooker. Cook on low for low for 8-10 hours.

Top with chili, sour cream, chives or green onions, cooked and crumbled bacon, and cheddar cheese.

Broiled Chicken Cordon Bleu

Place 4 chicken breasts on the rack of a broiler pan. Broil 4 inches from the heat for 3 minutes. Turn and broil 3 minutes on the other side. Brush with 1/4 cup of melted butter. Continue turning and basting about 4 minutes.

Place a slice of deli meat on each chicken breast. Broil for 1-2 minutes. Spread 1 Tbsp of honey mustard dressing over each. Top with a slice of deli cheese. Broil for 30 seconds.

Note: You can do them all the same if you want, as in all with ham and Swiss, for example. I like to make them all different so it feels like a different meal when we reheat leftovers the next day. Plus, I prefer stronger flavored cheeses, like sharp cheddar and Monterey Jack, while my boyfriend prefers milder ones, like mozzarella and Swiss. With a variety to choose from, it kind of feels like we went out for dinner at a restaurant!

Seasoned Cube Steaks

Combine 1 cup of soy sauce, 1 tsp of dried minced garlic, and 1 tsp of dried minced onion in a large Ziplock bag. Add 4 cube steaks. Seal bag and turn to coat. Refrigerate for 30-45 minutes, turning once.

Drain and discard marinade. Place steaks on a greased broiler pan. Broil 4 inches from the heat for about 4 minutes on each side. Serve with mixed vegetables and rice or baked potatoes.

Cheese Wedges

Cut a package of extra sharp cheddar cheese into 1/2 inch slices. Cut each slice in half diagonally. Combine 1/3 cup of seasoned dry bread crumbs and 1/2 tsp of crushed red pepper flakes in a shallow bowl. [Note: You can omit crushed red pepper flakes if you don’t like spice.] Beat an egg in another bowl. Dip cheese triangles into egg, then in crumb mixture.

Place on a greased baking sheet. Broil 4 inches from the heat for 2-3 minutes. Serve cheese wedges warm with pizza sauce for sipping.

Strawberry Banana Shakes

Place 2 Tbsp of milk, 1/2 cup of strawberry ice cream,  and 1/2 firm banana (sliced) in a blender. Cover and process until smooth. Pour into glasses. Garnish with whipped cream and a strawberry, if desired.

SHOPPING LIST:

Extra sharp cheddar cheese (9 oz)

4 thin slices of deli cheese (I got one Swiss, one mozzarella, one Monterey Jack, and one cheddar)

Whipped cream

Sour cream

Eggs

Tube of large refrigerated biscuits

Bananas

Strawberries

Chives or green onions

Potatoes (about 20)

4 cube steaks (1 1/4 lbs)

2 lb ground beef

4 boneless skinless chicken breast halves

4 thin slices of deli cold cuts (I got 2 ham and 2 turkey)

Bacon

Strawberry ice cream

Can of pizza sauce

Can of chili with beans

2 cans of mixed vegetables

Can of whole kernel corn

Can of diced tomatoes

Can of green chilies

Soy sauce

Honey mustard salad dressing

Rice

Envelope of onion soup mix

Crushed red pepper flakes

Dried minced garlic

Dried minced onion

Seasoning salt

[Also needed: Seasoned bread crumbs, Milk, Butter]

Week 46

Shopping List:

Tube of refrigerated buttermilk biscuits

2-3 oz mozzarella cheese

Pizza sauce

12 cherry tomatoes

1 lb smoked turkey sausage (fully cooked)

2 green peppers

Onion

Rice

Envelope of Italian salad dressing mix

6 hoagie buns

12-16 oz of sliced luncheon meat (I got a variety of salami, ham, and turkey)

12 thin slices of cheese (I got a variety of Swiss, cheddar, and brick)

Bag of chips (Plain pairs the best as a side dish so it doesn’t overwhelm the main attraction of the meal)

Jar of pickles

5 figs

[Also needed: oregano, butter]

 

Lunch: Sandwich, chips, pickles, a fig, and mozzarella puffs

Dinner: Kabobs with rice

 

Hot Hoagies

Combine 3/4 cup of softened butter and an envelope of Italian salad dressing mix. Spread 1 Tbsp inside each of 6 hoagie buns. On bottom of each bun, layer one slice of meat, two slices of cheese, and another slice of meat. Replace tops. Spread 1 Tbsp of butter mixture over top of each bun.

Place on a baking sheet. Broil 6 inches from the heat for 2-3 minutes. Eat with chips and pickles.

 

Colorful Kabobs

Cut 1 lb of fully cooked smoked turkey sausage into 1/2 inch chunks. Cut 2 green peppers into 1 inch pieces. Cut an onion into wedges. Thread a cherry tomato onto six metal or soaked wooden skewers. Alternate the sausage, green pepper, and onion wedges on skewers, ending with another tomato.

Grill, uncovered, over medium-hot heat for 10-15 minutes. Remove meat and vegetables from skewers and serve over rice.

 

Mozzarella Puffs

Preheat oven to 375 degrees. Take apart a refrigerated tube of buttermilk biscuits and make an indentation in the center of each biscuit. Sprinkle with 1 tsp of dried oregano. Cut a 2-3 oz block of mozzarella cheese into 10 cubes, 3/4 inch each. Place a cube in the center of each biscuit. Pinch dough tightly around cheese to seal.

Place seam side down on an ungreased baking sheet Spread 2 Tbsp of pizza sauce over tops. Bake 10-12 minutes.

 

Week 41 – Bonus Recipe!

Shopping List:

Frozen sliced peaches

Orange juice concentrate (Put 1/4 cup aside and make the rest into juice)

2 lbs of ground beef

Jar of salsa (16 oz)

Tube of refrigerated biscuits

8 oz of Colby-Monterey Jack cheese

Iceberg lettuce

Onion

16 oz jar of sauerkraut

4 oz of Swiss cheese

3 tubes of refrigerated crescent rolls

5 persimmons

5 beets

2-3 carrots

Apple (get a tart one, like Granny Smith)

[Buy a 1L of milk this week. Also needed: sugar]

 

Breakfast: Muffin and a smoothie

Lunch: Turnover and a persimmon

Dinner: Tostado, beet, and a glass of orange juice

 

Tangy Beef Turnovers

Preheat oven t 375 degrees. Cook 1 lb ground beef and a chopped onion in a skillet over medium heat. Drain. Drain, rinse, and chop a 16 oz jar of sauerkraut. Add to meat mixture. Add a cup of shredded Swiss cheese. Mix well. Unroll 3 tubes of refrigerated crescent roll dough and separate into rectangles. Place on greased baking sheets. Pinch seams to seal.

Place 1/2 cup of beef mixture in the center of each rectangle. Bring corners to the center and pinch to seal. Bake for 15-18 minutes.

 

Biscuit Tostados

Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Cook 1 lb of ground beef over medium heat in a skillet. Drain. Add 1 1/2 cups of salsa. Heat through.

Take apart a tube of large refrigerated biscuits and split each biscuit in half. Flatten into 4 inch rounds on ungreased baking sheets. Bake for 10-12 minutes. Top with meat mixture, 2 cups of shredded Colby-Monterey Jack cheese, 2 cups of shredded lettuce, and remaining salsa.

 

Peach Smoothies

Combine 1/2 cup of milk, 1/2 cup of frozen unsweetened sliced peaches, 1 Tbsp of orange juice concentrate, 1/2 Tbsp of sugar, and 2 ice cubes in a blender. Cover and process until smooth. Pour into a glass and drink immediately.

 

Good-For-You Morning Muffins

Preheat oven to 350 degrees. In a large bowl, combine 1 cup of unbleached all-purpose flour, 1 cup of whole-wheat flour, 3/4 cup of ground flaxseed, 3/4 cup of sugar, 2 3/4 tsp of baking powder, 2 tsp of ground cinnamon, 3/4 tsp of salt, and 1/4 tsp of baking soda. In another bowl, beat 4 egg whites, 1 whole egg, 1/2 cup of unsweetened applesauce, 1/3 cup of orange juice, 1/4 cup of canola oil and 2 tsp of vanilla extract. Stir into dry ingredients just until moistened. Fold in 2 cups of grated carrots, 1/2 cup of chopped pecans, 1/2 cup of flaked coconut, 1/2 cup of raisins and a peeled and shredded apple.

Coat muffin cups with cooking spray or use foil liners; fill three-fourths full. Bake for 15-18 minutes or until a toothpick comes out clean. Cool for 5 minutes before removing from pans to wire racks.

Note: Original recipe specifically says to use King Arthur flour, though it didn’t seem to be sponsored by them. I didn’t use King Arthur when I made it, so I didn’t specify.

Week 36

Shopping List:

Tube of refrigerated buttermilk biscuits

Tomato sauce

Italian seasoning

10 slices of pepperoni

Monterey Jack cheese

4 bone-in pork loin chops

Long grain rice

Orange juice

Can of chicken with rice soup

Can of sliced potatoes

Pkg of frozen creamed spinach

Dried basil

5 nectarines

2 parsnips

Applesauce (You can eat all but 1/2 cup of it)

[Also needed: vegetable oil. Buy a 1L of milk this week]

 

Breakfast: Applesauce

Lunch: Soup, mini pizza, nectarine and a glass of orange juice

Dinner: Casserole with roasted parsnips

 

Spinach Potato Soup

Combine 3 cups of milk, a can of sliced potatoes, a thawed package of creamed spinach, 1/2 tsp of dried basil, and 3/4 tsp of garlic salt in a pot. Bring to a boil. Reduce heat. Cover and simmer for 15 minutes. Cool slightly.

Transfer mixture to a blender. Cover and process until small pieces of potato remain. Return to the pan and heat through.

 

Pork Chop Casserole

Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Brown 4 pork loin chops (bone-in) in 1 Tbsp of vegetable oil in a large skillet. Drain. Place 1 1/3 cups of uncooked long grain rice in an ungreased shallow baking dish. Pour 1 cup of orange juice over rice. Top with pork chops and a can of condensed chicken with rice soup.

Cover and bake for 40-45 minutes.

 

Lunch Box Pizzas

Preheat oven to 425 degrees. Flatten 10 buttermilk biscuits into a 3 inch circle and press into a greased muffin cups. Combine 1/4 cup of tomato sauce and 1 tsp of Italian seasoning. Spoon 1 tsp into each cup. Top each with a slice of pepperoni and about 1 Tbsp of shredded Monterey Jack cheese.

Bake for 10-15 minutes. Eat right away or store in the fridge.

Week 17

Shopping List:

Butterscotch ice cream topping

Vanilla ice cream

Granola cereal

Mini semisweet chocolate chips

Caraway seeds

Hot dogs

Swiss cheese

Apple

1 lb ground beef

Onion

Envelope of taco seasoning

2 tubes of large refrigerated biscuits

8 oz of cheddar cheese

3 cans of your favorite soup

Bag of premixed salad

[Buy a 1 L of milk this week. Also needed: sauerkraut and Thousand Island dressing]

 

Breakfast: Oatmeal

Lunch: Taco puff and soup or salad

Dinner: Reuben casserole

Dessert: Milkshake

 

Granola Chip Shakes

Combine 3/4 to 1 cup of milk, 2 Tbsp of butterscotch topping, and 2 cups of vanilla ice cream in a blender. The amount of milk you use will depend on how soft or hard your ice cream is and how thick or runny you like your milkshakes. Cover and process until smooth. Pour into a chilled glass.

Drizzle with 2 Tbsp of butterscotch ice cream topping. Sprinkle with 1/4 cup of granola and 1 Tbsp of miniature semisweet chocolate chips. Use a knife to swirl topping into shake. Top with another 1/4 cup of granola and 1 Tbsp of chocolate chips. Makes one big milkshake. Split recipe in half if you want a smaller one.

 

Reuben Dogs

Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Rinse and drain 1 cup of sauerkraut. Place in a greased baking dish. Sprinkle with 2 tsp of caraway seeds, 1/2 a chopped onion and a peeled and cubed apple. Top with 8 halved-lengthwise hot dogs. Bake, uncovered, for 15-20 minutes. Sprinkle with 1 cup of shredded Swiss cheese. Bake 3-5 minutes. Serve with Thousand Island salad dressing.

 

Taco Puffs

Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Cook 1 lb of ground beef and 1/2 cup of chopped onion in a skillet over medium heat. Drain. Add an envelope of taco seasoning and prepare according to package directions. Cool slightly.

Open one tube of large refrigerated biscuits and flatten the biscuits into 4 inches circles. Place in greased baking pans. Spoon 1/4 cup of meat mixture onto each biscuit. Top each with two cheddar cheese slices or 1/4 cup of shredded cheese. Open a second tube of large refrigerated biscuits and flatten. Place on top of the cheese and meat mixture and pinch edges to seal tightly. Bake for 15 minutes.

Week 7

Shopping List:

Tube of refrigerated buttermilk biscuits

Parmesan cheese

Oregano

8 oz pkg of brown-and-serve sausage links

Rosemary

Olive oil

Boneless pork loin roast (3-4 lbs)

Frozen peas

Rapini

Bananas

Quick oats

Can of pumpkin puree

Pumpkin pie spice

Espresso powder

[Also needed: butter, garlic, salt, milk (buy a 1L this week)]

 

Breakfast: Quick oats made with almond milk, water, or regular milk with a scoop of pumpkin puree and sprinkled with pumpkin pie spice. So good! You will have to microwave this one (or do it on the stove) so that the pumpkin has a chance to cook through a little bit, so don’t just add hot water and eat.

Lunch: Pea soup, sausage roll, and a banana

Dinner: Pork roast, rapini, and potatoes

 

Sausage Biscuit Bites

Preheat oven to 375 degrees. On a lightly floured surface, roll out each biscuit into a 4-in circle and brush with melted butter (you’ll need about 1 Tbsp worth). Combine 4 1/2 tsp of Parmesan cheese and 1 tsp of oregano and sprinkle over butter. Place a sausage link in the centre of each roll and roll up.

Cut each widthwise into 4 pieces and insert a toothpick in each. Place on an ungreased baking sheet. Bake for 8-10 minutes. Eat plain or dipped in mustard or BBQ sauce.

 

Tuscan Pork Roast

Preheat oven to 325 degrees. Combine 5-8 cloves of garlic, 1 Tbsp of rosemary, 1 Tbsp of olive oil, and 1/2 tsp of salt in a blender or food processor. Blend until mixture turns to paste. Rub over the pork roast. Cover and let stand for 30 minutes.

Place on a greased baking rack, fat side up, in a roasting pan. Bake, uncovered, for 2 to 2 1/2 hours. Let stand for 15 minutes before slicing.

 

Quick Pea Soup

Thaw 1 1/2 cups of peas. Place peas and 1/4 cup of milk in a blender. Cover and process until pureed. Pour into a small pot and add 1/4 tsp of salt, 1/8 tsp of pepper, and 1 cup of milk. Cook and stir for 5 minutes.